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Jurnal Ekonomi & Bisnis Indonesia


industrial clusters, urban systems, regional network governance.


Prihadi Nugroho




    location distribution of industrial clusters is often associated with their
    proximity to production factors geographically and economically. Many studies
    show how industrial clusters can maximise inter-firm social and economic
    benefits through a process of collective efficiency and flexible
    specialization. Particulary this condition can be achieved with a support of
    well-articulated urban systems where the integration of public service
    provisions can be established to reduce total transactional costs. In fact,
    most regions in Indonesia
    fail to present appropriate urban systems for ensuring the delivery of
    resources across regions. Moreover, the practices of decentralized development
    since the past few years have been neglecting the importance of strengthened
    urban system following the tendency of governments to look after local
    development. As a result, the industrial clustering approach which is
    implemented by some local governments only creates institutional obstacles and
    additional costs due to the lack of intergovernmental cooperation. Regarding
    this issue a regional network governance should be encouraged to provide
    coordination milieu between government in developing industrial clusters
    altogether. This attempts may be useful to cutting off the regional differences
    of transactional costs that the repective clusters must cope with.


    Vol 25, Nomor 01, Tahun 2010


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